Thomas hobbes and john locke were to philosophers with opposing opinions on human nature and the state of nature locke saw humanity and life with optimism and community, whereas hobbes only thought of humans as being capable of living a more violent, self-interested lifestyle which would lead to civil unrest. Thomas hobbes and john locke were two of the great political theorists of their time both created great philosophical texts that help to describe the role of government in man's life, as well as their views of man's state of nature. The theories of thomas paine and john locke this paper discusses the difference between the firebrand ideas of thomas paine and those of locke as evidenced by comparing the nature of the glorious revolution with that of the french revolution. Thomas hobbes and john locke are two political philosophers who are famous for their theories about the formation of the society and discussing man in his natural state their theories are both psychologically insightful, but in nature, they are drastically different. John locke's view was different than thomas hobbes as he believed no individual has any power over the next and everyone has the freedom to do what they want john locke also believed that if an individual committed a crime, they needed to be punished.
The differences between the philosophers' view on social contract, as you will have noticed, mainly spring from differences regarding their view on human nature the differences in the proposed role of the state in the three theories follow these conflicting views. John locke and thomas hobbes were known as social contract theorists as well as natural law theorists however, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature thomas hobbes was an english philosopher from malmesbury he became famous when his. Below we explain social contract theory in general, and then look at social contract theory as understood by the major social contract theorists including the big 3 hobbes, locke, and rousseau: thomas hobbes said the state of nature is a war of all-against-all (a state of war). John locke asserted that in the state of nature (men without government) human beings were not that badly off they could pursue their individual objectives to not only survive, but to thrive and have friends and families.
Thomas jefferson, the third president of the united states, and john locke, a philosopher, both had influences on how america's government works today jefferson took not only his ideas, but also some of the concepts produced in locke's work to create the declaration of independence. Views can compare or contrast, that which reflect on a philosophers view of the state of nature, man, the civil state and power of the sovereign two prime examples of differences verses similarities in political philosophers is thomas hobbes and john locke. Get an answer for 'compare and contrast the philosophies of thomas hobbes and john locke' and find homework help for other political science, philosophy, hobbes, thomas, locke, john questions at. John locke also based his political writings on the idea of the social contract he stressed the role of the individual and the idea that in the state of nature, people are essentially free however, they might decide to form a government to punish any individuals who go against the laws of nature and harm others. Thomas jefferson, drawing on the current thinking of his time, used natural rights ideas to justify declaring independence from england thomas jefferson, age 33, arrived in philadelphia on june 20, 1775, as a virginia delegate to the second continental congress.
George h smith was formerly senior research fellow for the institute for humane studies, a lecturer on american history for cato summer seminars, and executive editor of knowledge products. John locke and thomas hobbes both thought that human beings must create governments to protect themselves from the dangers of the state of nature and that human beings in a sate of nature would have a bad life. While both john locke and jacques rousseau believed that every individual should be free and that no one should have to give up his/her natural rights to a king, both differed on what this state. Per russell, the nearest thing to a definition of the state of nature to be found in locke is the following: men living together according to reason, without a common superior on earth: with authority to judge between them is properly called the state of nature16 russell comments, this is not a description of the life of savages, but of an.
. In marseilles on may 4, 1787, thomas jefferson penned a letter to john jay who was the united states' secretary of state based on information given early in the letter, jefferson was in the area for the purpose of gathering information on matters pertaining to commerce and to learn more about the agriculture of european rice. A complementary interpretation is made by john dunn with respect to the relationship between locke's state of nature and his christian beliefs dunn claimed that locke's state of nature is less an exercise in historical anthropology than a theological reflection on the condition of man.
The best way to figure this out, locke reasoned, was to imagine a state in which no government existed then by seeing that state, determine where necessary laws and governing bodies are needed. John locke (1634 - 1704) for locke the state of nature that preceded the social contract was not as hobbs envisaged but one of a golden age an eden before the fall bibliography thomas hobbs, leviathan, 1651, republished by forgotten books, 2008, www, forgottenbooksorg, 16th august 2009. The state of nature is a concept used in political philosophy by most enlightenment philosophers, such as thomas hobbes and john lockethe state of nature is a representation of human existence prior to the existence of society understood in a more contemporary sense.
Thomas jefferson jefferson was heavily influenced by john locke during the writings of the declaration of independence and the constitution jefferson used the ideas of inalienable rights and believed that all men are created equal. Home philip l carret thomas jefferson essay competition thomas jefferson and john locke: america's co-founders reference url to link to this object, paste this link in email, im or document. For john locke, 1632-1704, the state of nature is a very different type of place, and so his argument concerning the social contract and the nature of men's relationship to authority are consequently quite different while locke uses hobbes' methodological device of the state of nature, as do virtually all social contract theorists, he uses. Locke believed that man was a social animal by nature while hobbes believed that man was not a social animal and that society would not exist were it not for the power of the state locke, on the other hand, said the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens.